Imparting environmental education is a key factor to influence cultural values and attitudes for maintenance of eco-diversity and for changing mind-set of local people. The additional climate burden is a result of unchecked emissions in State Government needs to strategise new embankment the developed world over the last two centuries and has little engineering and resources should be channelized towards in- to do with the way locals in India have lived for ages. In many occasions they spread the net for 2—3 days. Wilderness science in a time of change conference, Volume 2: Retrieved from ” https: South India, and Green:

The pioneer vegetation on these newly accreted sites is Sonneratia , followed by Avicennia and Nypa. This is particularly threatening to the existence of the being caused to the environment due to erosion of the critically endangered Royal Bengal Tigers in the Sundarbans mangrove eco-system which comprises of mud dykes that region that are historically known to prey on humans. The Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of Bangladesh. Comparison of bp mitochondrial sequences of the Sundarbans tigers with the sequences from six other tiger subspecies revealed that Sundarbans tigers shared three nucleotide substitutions that were identified as specific or diagnostic to Bengal tiger subspecies. Therefore, further investigation on a large sample size including samples from both the Indian and Bangladesh part of Sundarbans is required to understand and confirm their genetic status.

Mud crabs are the most lucrative estuarine crabs in Sundarban in terms of its market demand. Help Center Find new research papers in: Currently close totourists, including delta. The economic of Sundarbans as well as construct more disaster shelters.

Tigers of Sundarbans in India: Is the Population a Separate Conservation Unit?

This has resulted in increased human population density The forests provide habitat to faunal wildlife, including bird, fish, 42 mammal, 35 reptile and eight amphibian species. Most importantly, mangroves are a transition from the marine to freshwater and terrestrial systems, and provide critical habitat for numerous species of small fish, crabs, shrimps and other crustaceans that adapt to feed and shelter, and reproduce among the tangled mass of roots, known as pneumatophoreswhich grow upward from the anaerobic mud to get the supply of oxygen.


Most of the thatched houses were damaged. Honey and wax collection is a seasonal activity. Central and State forces. Demography Satjalia Lahiripur Area in Hector The frequencies of a number of mtDNA lineages in the Sundarbans deviate noticeably from those in mainland tiger populations, suggesting that founder effects and genetic drift may have had a considerable influence on the Sundarbans gene pool, although low sample size may have also biased our results.

The mangroves provide substantial ecosystem services supporting the livelihood of local communities. As suggested by Allendorf and Luikart [ 79 ], we also calculated F ST for each locus between the subpopulations.

case study on sundarban national park

We attribute sundarbzn reduction in gene flow to accelerated fragmentation and habitat alteration in the landscape over the past few centuries. Cases of PTSD related with crocodile or shark attack, are also avoiding river and unable to engage in their TPS or crab collection activities.

Reduction of man-animal conflict to zero-level should be the aim of any environmental conservation programme.


The Sundarban ecosystem is a unique natural wonder of the world and carries a great ecological significance. Forest inventories reveal a decline in standing volume of the two main commercial mangrove species — sundari Heritiera spp.

Besides the forest, there are extensive areas of brackish water and stidy marshesintertidal mudflatssandflatssand dunes with typical dune vegetation, open grassland on sandy soils and raised areas supporting a variety of terrestrial shrubs and trees. This is especially E. Retrieved 29 November — via HighBeam Research.

The Bangladesh mangrove vegetation of the Sundarbans differs greatly from other non-deltaic coastal mangrove forests and upland forests associations. New York and Washington, D.

Eco-psychiatry and Environmental Conservation: Study from Sundarban Delta, India

Genetic data from a more diverse array of co-distributed megafauna from Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem should provide a comparative framework and depict a clearer picture of Sundarbans tiger population dynamics to better explain their response to parl change and human activities. Lack of competion likely to have a strong influence on Sundarbans tiger adaptation to local environmental conditions and allow them to utilize the natural resources. Ministry of environment and forest, Government of India.


According to the tiger census in Bangladesh, and the tiger census in India, the Sundarbans have about tigers in Bangladesh and 74 in India.

Eco-psychiatry and Environmental Conservation: Study from Sundarban Delta, India

Under the said Act, the Central Government is empowered to take maintenance of ecological balance including atmospheric measures necessary to protect and improve the quality of the environment by, equilibrium which are vital for sustenance of all life forms, among others, setting standards for emissions and discharges, regulating the location of industries and management of hazardous wastes.

The river terrapinIndian flap-shelled turtle Lissemys punctatapeacock soft-shelled turtle Trionyx hurumyellow monitorAsian water monitorand Indian python.

case study on sundarban national park

Most of the plot of an internationally acclaimed novelist, Amitav Ghosh ‘s novel, The Hungry Tideis set in the Sundarbans. Coastal Zome Management in West Bengal. We overcome this problem by using opportunistically collected samples by the forest officials.

Last year about 15, kg honey was collected. Death of humans by tiger is largely under-reported because most of the forest intruders are illegal. The most prevalent, though one of the late species to appear, is Excoecaria.

case study on sundarban national park

This globally significant ecosystem is situated on the Bay of Bengal, within the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers.