Smith’s spectator is not exactly the same as Hume’s good judge, especially since the sympathetic spectator occupies a normative position independently of constructing a general point of view. It is the whole structure that seems to characterize the passion, as we may see in the case of pride. Moral distinctions deriv’d from a moral sense. Now a new question arises, how does the ideal observer acquire a steady, general, common point of view? Still, we will not generate the sentiments required by the artificial virtues, until we manage to direct our generous passions beyond their natural bounds, allowing us to approve of the justice or honesty of all sorts of people in all sorts of situations, no matter their connection to us. But Hume emphasizes that the corrections provided by the general point of view are far-ranging, extending beyond the moral sentiments to the formation of aesthetic taste, and influencing even seemingly straightforward perceptual judgments. Parents, for instance, rarely make good judges of their own children’s artworks, even when they are professional art critics.

Hume’s Many Meanings of Sympathy. Of Tragedy , is where Hume considered why we enjoy tragic drama. This page was last edited on 21 January , at Of the nature of the idea or belief. Justice, whether a natural or artificial virtue? According to Hume, taste is the capacity for judging the beauty of something by means of the feelings aroused by the object, while delicacy is in reference to the fine-grained distinctions that can be made with respects to something.

Unlike Hutcheson, he divides passions themselves into calm and violent. Of the Standard of Taste was a seminal essay on aesthetics that is innovative because it requires Hume to address the apparent relativity of taste, a conclusion that appears to follow from his own assumption that the paxsions or “beauty” of a good work of art is identical with the positive human responses it generates.

The motivation throughout is affective: Your wife may divorce you, but I bet winning the lottery would make you forget about it.


Four Dissertations – Wikipedia

Of chastity and modesty. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll diasertation you a reset link. Hume took as his premise that the great diversity and disagreement regarding matters of taste had passionss basic sources – sentiment, which was to some degree naturally varying, and critical facility, which could be cultivated.

The Natural History of Religion. Described as a naturalist, skeptic and empiricist, David Hume wrote about many different subjects such as: He was concerned with why spectators find pleasure in the sorrow and anxiety depicted in a tragedy. It works by invoking another principle, superadded to the operations of sympathy: It is disseetation this form of communication that human beings are able to receive from other human beings their opinions, principles, concerns, inclinations, motives, reasons or interests.

Of the idea of necessary connexion. This section treats the narrator’s emotional landscape as a response to his skeptical conclusions about reason, sense-perception, and the self. Like Hume, he considers sympathy to provide the engine for such a standard.

An Enquiry on Human Nature. An Enquiry concerning the principles of Morals.

A Treatise of Human Nature Series

Almost anything that invokes pleasurable impressions can be the cause of pride, within the limitations that the idea of the subject must allow us to build associative connections directing the mind to the idea of self. It is through sympathy, that the spectator is able to receive the communicating emotions from the patient via various forms such as: Of the antient philosophy. Of the objects of allegiance.

Of the causes of belief. Of the component parts of our reasonings concerning cause and effect. Sign in or Create.

dissertation sur les passions david hume 1739

Together these results in self-approval or self-esteem — what is normally called pride. The impressions of sense include all our sensations, as well as perceptions of pleasure and pain; the impressions of reflection include all our passions and sentiments. In order, therefore, to prevent those continual contradictions, and arrive at a more stable judgment of things, we fix one some steady and general points of view; and always, in our thoughts, place ourselves in them, whatever may be our present situation.


Pride for Hume, is a simple and uniform impression that cannot be given a just definition about, but it can be described by the circumstances that attend to it. Hume’s Dispositional Account of the Self. Hume begins the passions by giving a trite example of what Good and Evil are.

Though an enlightened monotheism is more rationally defensible than a superstitious polytheism, in practice polytheism has many advantages.

David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature (Second Edition) – David Hume – Oxford Scholarly Editions

This new mood inclines him again to philosophy, and the Treatise proceeds to topics neglected in the first book, particularly the nature of our passions and sentiments and how they fit us passionx social life.

He then begins to analyze emotion as a reasoning faculty of the human mind. In this essay, Hume offers a pioneering naturalist account of the causes, effects, and historical development of religious belief. Comparison, a mechanism built on sympathy, produces passions with affective tendencies directly opposed to those we sympathize with in others. Consider, for example, the pleasurable passion of pride Mr.

dissertation sur les passions david hume 1739

The passion for hunting down truth becomes yet stronger when directed at the objects that intrinsically interest us: