EDMUND WILSONS ESSAY MARXISM AND LITERATURE SUMMARY

Every department of intellectual life was corrupted…Thus Marxism in Russia has run itself into a blind alley. But the new Marxist followers did not understand literature from this perspective. Trotsky was a literary man as Lenin never was. Marxist critics without any knowledge in literature try to lay down rules and formulas according to which works of literature should be written. Trotsky was exiled and Lenin died during this period. He studies the influence of Marxism on literature and traces in this essay the history of Marxist literary theory as it was carried out by Engels, Lenin, Trotsky and a number of other critics. During the periods of intense artistic activity art influences economic and social organization out of which it grows.

With the death of Gorky, the last group of liberalism in literature was gone. A man who applies Marxist principles without understanding literature would go horribly wrong. Art degenerated into a mere instrument of state policy, a weapon of communist propaganda. Unknown June 27, at 8: Edmund Wilson was deeply influenced by Marxism. Thus the relation between art and society is reciprocal.

Marxist critics without any knowledge in literature try to lay down rules and formulas according to which works of literature should be written.

Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary

Weapon is not the right word for this. Their actual aim is to transform literature into an effective tool for protecting communist ideologies. As there never existed such a writer, the American Marxists created an imaginary writer—John Dos Passos. Newer Post Older Post Home.

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Engels raised his voice against the dangers of literature written with a specific political inclination. Art degenerated into a mere instrument of state policy, a weapon of communist propaganda. A Marxist cannot judge a work of art purely on the basis of its artistic value. He looked at proletarian dictatorship from the stand point of view.

Wednesday, 28 February Marxism and Literature: When this work was in progress, Wilson became disillusioned with Marxism as it was preached and practised under the dictatorship of Stalin.

Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary

He regarded communism only a transitional phase which would ultimately lead to a wildons culture. Long range literature sums up wide areas and long periods of human experience. We see that when Lenin died and Trotsky was exiled, and a number of voices speaking for liberalism in matters of art and culture were also silenced. Ahd the relation between art and society is reciprocal.

Unknown June 27, at 8: Art and literature were degenerated into mere weapons of communist propaganda. Wilson says that it is wrong because the country which has produced the Leaves of Grass and Huckleberry Finn has no influence of Marxism they were created during their pioneering periods.

UGC NET PLATFORM: Marxism and Literature : Edmund wilson

Trotsky, who was a literary man, had to face many problems. They forget the fact that great works of art were written not on the basis of any order.

Marxism can throw valuable light on the social origins and social significance of a work of art or literature. Newer Post Older Post Home. After telling everything edmhnd the Marxist literature, Edmund Wilson says that Sum,ary still remains as a great force in this world.

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edmund wilsons essay marxism and literature summary

Gorky said that one day he found Lenin with War and Peace lying on the table. This disillusionment is reflected in this essay.

Relationship between Art and society Marxian principles. According to Wilson, the democratization of literature was a process which started much earlier in the U. The real intention of a great writer may be different from the surface meaning of the marxsim. It is not merely a philosophical and political theory, it is a great force of social change.

Lecture notes for M.

Young proletarians wanted to monopolize art and literature and to use them to promote the socio-economic set-up. He tells us that Marx was well-versed in literary theories and had silsons deep at the fount of literature. Short range literature preaches, pamphleteers for immediate effect. Great works were first produced and the rules and principles were formulated later.

But all these critics responded artistically to art.

edmund wilsons essay marxism and literature summary

Marx and Engels They never furnished socio-economic formulas to furnish the validity of art.